Publications

Report: The Community-Based Governance Manual (CBGM)

To read the full report klick here: The Community-Based Governance Manual (CBGM)

“The Community-Based Governance Manual (CBGM)” presents Community-based Governance (CBG) as a possible key to understand the socio-political-economic perspectives of local groups. The manual has the objective to 1. offer a practical, methodological and concise plan of action for practitioners and 2. presents the perspectives of the community members of the Municipality of Paz de Ariporo, located in the flooded savannas of the Colombian Llanos, in eastern Colombia in the Orinoco River basin through a case study.

Flooded savannas are strategic and mostly unknown ecosystems, despite their ecological, biological and economic importance. They represent 12.5 % of the Orinoco basin, an ecosystem with great cultural, economic, biological and ecological importance. Due to anthropic and extractive intervention, the unsustainable transformation of the region already reached 15.5 % in in 2012. These changes have negative impacts on the biological and cultural diversity of the Llanos.

The case study shows, that this growing model of extractive development, mainly based on agricultural expansion (rice) and the exploitation of hydrocarbons (oil) is perceived as the main threat to the protection of the Cultura Llanera by the local community.
They seek a concrete and replicable example of how to strengthen community governance. Decentralization, associative and social models are common points that were articulated by them as specific suggestions for public institutions and community members.

The manual can be widely used as a tool for the community in general, as it seeks
to promote the political, economic and social analysis of community actors as well
as scenarios to address the socio-environmental and socio-economic problems
that affect them. The political, economic and social formation of the communities
must allow the generation of real processes of social dialogue through a clear understanding of the interests that each party defends. The steps presented in this manual, can facilitate dialogue and build trust between community groups, take into account local perspectives, and promote the development of the community-based governance models for sustainable
development.

The publication is a result of a three-year fruitful collaboration between the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) team, the Humboldt University of Berlin, WWF teams of Germany, Colombia and Paraguay, the Fundación Horizonte Verde, and the Unión de las Comunidades Indígenas de la Nación Yshiro (UCINY), within the framework of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). It is hoped that the publication inspires and guides the work of development and policy programs, rural institutions and field staff in the implementation of inclusive local and environmental governance models.

Synthesis of Environmental Research Knowledge: The Case of Paraguayan Pantanal Tropical Wetlands

by Luca Eufemia, Michelle Bonatti & Stefan Sieber

Abstract:
The Paraguayan Pantanal offers a valuable case of research regarding natural resource management in tropical wetlands. It is one of the world´s largest wetland of globally important ecological and cultural value that is threatened from environmental exploitations. Paradoxically, this area is rarely scientifically investigated. Therefore, in this paper, this case was chosen to identify literature indirectly related to the area and to highlight the dominant research trends and corresponding gaps. This research was conducted to cluster the available science-based research of Pantanal´s tropical wetlands in order to advocate for more environmental governance focus. Concepts used in the scientific literature of the Paraguayan Pantanal were extrapolated and summarized in category system. A cluster framework of 12 variables of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) was classified into three main search-categories: community engagement and participatory approach (CEPA), natural resources management (NRM) and framework developed (FD). The frequency of different categories demonstrates the natural science´s perspectives dominate over human sciences and humanities. Most of the Paraguayan Pantanal has been studied with regard to its ecological, biological and physical properties. The development of research interest over time and the primary focus on ecological baseline conditions are related to its designation as a Ramsar Site, an UNESCO tentative World Heritage Site and the orientation of national policies towards either environmental protection or regional economic development. A substantial research gap was identified in the FD as studies tended to link their findings to human activities but disregarded the connection between governance variables, natural resource and environmental developments. It is suggested to expand the natural science´s perspective on Paraguay´s wetlands to account for economic, social and political aspects in order to develop a holistic and environmentally sustainable production of science in and about the area.

To read the full research, klick here: Synthesis of Environmental Research Knowledge- The case of Paraguayan Pantanal Tropical Wetlands